College debt is a major consideration for college graduates and HBCU college graduates are no exception. It is so important that almost every Democratic candidate for President in 2020 is talking about it on the campaign trail.
Both Senator Kamala Harris and Elizabeth Warren are making bold statements about investments in HBCU’s and the student debt burden on black college graduates. Senator Harris, a graduate of Howard University, is proposing to cap student debt interest payment at 3.5% while Senator Warren is proposing a $50 billion investment into institutions designated as Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU).
Although college debt is high across the board, graduates who are Black and Hispanic, have disproportionately higher debt.
The following is a list of the statistics driving the attention on college debt for black graduates from various sources. Additionally, there are some resources to learn more and think strategically about how to manage the college debt.
Debt for Black Graduates
1) 86.8% of black students borrow federal student loans to attend 4-year public colleges, as opposed to 59.9% of white students. (Source – National Center for Education Statistics (NCES))
2) Americans (4 million of them) owe over $1.48 trillion in student loan debts. (Source – National Center for Education Statistics (NCES))
3) Black students borrow federal student loans at higher rates than other groups of students. (Source – National Center for Education Statistics (NCES))
4) An estimated 77.7% of black students borrow federal student loans to pay for a higher education. This figure is significantly higher than the national average for all students (60%) and for white students (57.5%). (Source – National Center for Education Statistics (NCES))
5) Among black students who started school in 2003, 50% defaulted on student loans within the following 12 years. For Hispanics it was 36.1% and whites it was 21.5% of students. (Source – National Center for Education Statistics (NCES))
6) When race is factored in, black college graduates owe — on average — $7,400 more than their white peers, and that number is expected to more than triple to $25,000 in the next few years. (Source: Brookings Institute)
7) A 2016 also found that a higher percentage of students at HBCUs — 80 percent — used federal loans to pay for college compared to 55 percent of students not attending an HBCU. (Source: United Negro College Fund (UNCF) report)
8) It also found that a higher percentage of students — 12 percent — at HBCUs combine federal, state and private loans to finance their education, compared to 8 percent of non-HBCU students. (Source: United Negro College Fund (UNCF) report)
Managing Debt for Black Graduates
The team at U.S. News & World Report recently created a series guide that breakdowns the different types of student loans and available repayment options, how they work and what students should know before considering them. They have shared the research with us and we are sharing those links here to help you manage your student loan debt!
- Sallie Mae
- The College Investor
- Private student loans (US News Research)
- Loan consolidation (US News Research)